Open access (OA) can be defined as unrestricted access to peer-reviewed scholarly research information. Moreover, Open Access allows for maximum visibility, uptake and use of the published material. The open access publishing model provides immediate, worldwide, barrier-free access of research articles to the global scientific world. Readers/ academicians are allowed to copy, reuse, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.
Through Open Access publication process, scientists/ researchers can avoid subscription fees and licensing restrictions to access free scholarly literature. Since Open Access publishing allows the permanent restoration of scientific data through digital copies, other than the constraint of Internet access, scientists around the world can freely share information and collaborate to enhance the growth of science.